Полiт.ua Государственная сеть Государственные люди Войти
22 октября 2016, Суббота, 16:35
Facebook Twitter LiveJournal VK.com RSS








21 ноября 2007, 18:46

Not quite enough

Not quite enough

New wave of strikes in Russia. In November automakers, dockers in Tuapse and St. Petersburg went on strikes; railroad men also plan for a strike. Workers of different areas demand advance of wages; they claim that they are paid not enough. Although salaries in these branches are higher than average one in Russia; and some people suppose that the proliferation of strikes are caused by the labour unions’ election agitation, one can assume that this “red November” is not the last one. Recently the officials and parties took a great interest in socialistic rhetoric, so, both they and employers will have to pay. 


The richer an industry is, the more active labour union it has. In the last summer meetings of many thousands occurred in the oil capital of Russia, Surgut. Workers of the Surgutneftegas corporation demanded another form of payment: different bonuses amounted to about 80 percent of a salary and could be easily withdrawn by administrative methods. But nevertheless that time one could not speak about a full-scale strike of Surgut oil industry workers; and unionists were persecuted by the management.

More than once workers of a Russian Ford factory situated near in Vsevolozhsk, Leningad area went on strikes. Just they opened again the current series of strikes. November 7 the labour union declared the beginning of a ‘warning strike’. Approximately in 24 hours the strike was ceased; the court of the Leningrad area made a judgment against the strikers. In this February the workers also stopped the production for about 24 hours.

Thus, when workers of Ford went for just another strike, nobody was surprised. The administration doesn’t take the risk to collide head on with the workers: it doesn’t threat with repressions and doesn’t discharge ringleaders, as that of Surgutneftegas or AvtoVAZ do. But it was not the end.

In the wake of Ford workers dockers of the Black Sea port Tuapse came out. There the court also took the decision against the strikers and just after this strike a new one, this time in St. Petersburg flared up. According to the strike committee the strike will last for at least several days. The workers demand 30 percent rate increases. The administration considers the demands groundless and doesn’t want to make concessions. According to the head of the strike committee Alexander Moiseenko, they demand a re-calculation of the wages since the 1st October with a wage increase by 10 percent. Since the 1st January they demand raise wages of all port workers by15 percent and that of dockers by 10 percent. Yesterday strike-breakers worked in the port. According to official reports of the port administration it hasn’t engaged any external labour forces; handling is executed by cargo owners themselves, who had to search for another labour forces. According to the strike committee, the turnover of goods in the port has been reduced by 70 percent. The administration of the port declares that it carries out all commitments to clients.

Finally the railroad workers confirmed their intention to organize a strike in the end of November.

The organizer of the strike, the head of the Russian labour union of locomotive crews of railroad men Eugene Kulikov stated that about 10 thousand railroad workers all over the Russia were to participate in the strike. According to Kulikov, he is aware that the strike will infringe on interests of common passengers, but railroad men don’t want the company to “improve  its credit standing, support football clubs and execute charities at their cost”.

Protest within reasonable errors

Meanwhile officially there are no strikes in Russia. Rosstat ("Statistics of Russia") in most cases doesn’t notice the workers’ activity at all. Sometimes the strikes aren’t registered in a proper way and then the employers judicially upset them or entrepreneurs resolve the contradiction before the strike. In October 2005 2565 strikes occurred and 83.3 thousand people participated in them. But in 2006 – how striking – there were only eight strikes in which a little more than a thousand people participated.

Reference: the strikers’ activity according to Rosstat’s information.


2006 the Federal Statistic Agency (Rosstan) registered eight strikes in which 1.2 thousand people participated.


January. No strikes are registered.
February. One strike, 800 people participated.
March, April, May. None.
June. One strike, 100 people.
July. One strike, 60 people.
August, September. None.

The reason is that the new Labour Code practically doesn’t let workers of a big enterprise strike. It became much more complicated to solve collective labour disputes, to declare and carry out a strike. Labour unions can not put in claims and declare a strike without an approve of a general meeting or a conference of workers. More than two thirds must take part in it and not less than a half must vote for a strike.

Besides that, strikes are prohibited in organizations providing public vital activity (energy supply, heating, natural gas industry, aircraft, railway and water transport, communication, hospitals) in cases when it can endanger the country defense, life and health of people. Thus, it is still unclear how will strike the railway workers.

Russian citizens don’t give much confidence to active forms of confrontation with employers, although about a half of them approve strikes and other forms of protest. But this is only in theory. According to the poll conducted by VCIOM in April the most commonly used method of labour rights is an address directly to a chief, 17% of interrogated preferred this method. Another wide spread reaction on violation of labour rights is change of the work (7%). 5% use personal relations (help of friends and relatives) to solve a problem; 4% went to the law. 2% just began working less and worse. 1% participated in different actions of protest such as strikes and meetings, 1% asserted their rights using force or menace of force and also 1% had to give presents and money. Only a few addressed to labour unions or labour councils; that is 3%.

Meanwhile, according to VCIOM in 2005 employers violated rights of 44% interrogated people; according to returns of Levada Centre, 62% of respondents think that it is possible to strike to defense their rights. The problem is that for a long time the labour union activity was a prerogative of successors of Soviet labour unions and of a Federation of independent labour unions of Russia. Often they are just not able to care for workers’ rights defense. In many cases labour unions just distribute vouchers to sanatoriums; but the administration can do it itself, so it is quite unclear for what that labour unions exist.

Incessant growth

But at the moment the main trend is an increase of number of strikes, of workers’ and labour unions’ activity. In the opinion of observers, an inflow of workers of a new generation influences on the growth of labour union activity. They did not inherit an idea that an employer was a benefactor and that the state would protect. People of elder generations have quite other notions. According to VCIOM, 57% of working pensioners and workers of a pre-pension age consider that relations between the employers and workers should  be controlled by the state.

The director of the Institute “Direct Effect” Karin Kleman assumes that strikes and other protest actions are initiated by younger people who are eminently qualified, have an experience of team-work with foreign colleagues and have broad outlook. They prize their abilities and don’t want to sell their professional skills for nothing.

But at the same time the popularity of labour unions grows relatively slowly. According to a poll conducted by VCIOM in May 17% of workers see a unique role of labour unions in the mediation between a worker, an employer and the state. In their opinion the state should secure minimum guarantees, but other questions should be decided jointly by an employer and a labour union. In 2005 13% thought so, that is 4% less; thus, the protest potential increases.

This is not surprising; officials and businessmen announce all the time on an unceasing economic growth, on the social responsibility of a business (that is not only a purchase of socially significant collections) and on the social justice (resource rent, luxury tax, etc.). As this rhetoric is so popular (almost all parties in Russia use social populist slogans) it is not astonishing that Russian workers also want to get their part of this economic growth.

Almost 60% of Russians consider that they are underpaid. The labour union of AvtoVAZ demanded to put up wages up to 25 thousand as the United Russia had promised in its election campaign. Inasmuch as the social rhetoric will scarcely stop within the next few years, one should wait for an increase of labour conflicts.  Certainly if repressions aren’t applied.

Обсудите в соцсетях

Система Orphus

Главные новости

16:34 В СБУ объяснили возврат белорусского самолета в Киев угрозой нацбезопасности
16:06 Путин назначил нового главу Управления президента по внутренней политике
15:56 В Минобороны назвали наступление ИГ на Киркук отвлекающим маневром
15:20 Сальма Хайек рассказала о попытках Дональда Трампа пригласить ее на свидание
14:58 Кузнецова во второй раз подряд стала обладательницей Кубка Кремля
14:39 Минск заявил протест Киеву из-за принудительного возвращения самолета
13:59 Застреленная на севере Москвы женщина была экс-сотрудницей полиции
13:37 Тарпищев переизбран президентом Федерации тенниса России
13:31 Песков рассказал о «разных языках» лидеров «нормандской четверки»
12:52 Росавиация назвала предварительную причину крушения Ми-8 на Ямале
12:39 Британские истребители пролетели над авианосцем «Адмирал Кузнецов» в Ла-Манше
12:14 Германия выделит 34 миллиона евро беженцам из иракского Мосула
11:44 В МИДе заявили о желании США окончательно разрушить отношения с Москвой
11:23 Подозреваемая в убийствах животных в Хабаровске помещена под домашний арест
11:18 Тела двух убитых обнаружены в подъезде дома на севере Москвы
10:57 На Ямале объявлен траур по жертвам катастрофы Ми-8
10:45 Украина объяснила принудительный возврат белорусского самолета в Киев
10:21 СМИ сообщили о казни боевиками ИГ почти 300 мужчин и мальчиков в Мосуле
09:49 Российским дипломатам в США пригрозили уголовными делами за появление на выборах
09:21 Найдены тела всех 19 погибших в катастрофе Ми-8 на Ямале
09:08 ООН обвинила войска Асада в третьем случае применения химоружия
01:15 Кардинал рассказал о «трогательных моментах» между Клинтон и Трампом
00:51 Талисманом ЧМ-2018 выбрали волка Забиваку
00:36 Глава WADA назвал срок выхода нового доклада о допинге
00:24 В дагестанском селе объявили КТО для поимки боевиков
00:15 Минобороны опровергло передачу ему резерва замороженных пенсий
00:03 Украина вернула белорусский самолет в Киев под угрозой истребителей
21.10 23:46 Попавший в аварию на Ямале Ми-8 пять лет не проходил техосмотра
21.10 23:38 СМИ узнали о лежавшей в «Пересвете» доле средств РПЦ
21.10 22:56 В Сети появилась запись встречи Путина с Туском в день гибели Качиньского
21.10 22:39 Песков назвал слухи о покупке «Мистралей» за доллар полной ерундой
21.10 21:50 Средствами от заморозки пенсий решили погасить долги Минобороны
21.10 21:03 Почти половина россиян перешли на продукты со своего огорода
21.10 20:53 Разбившийся «Скиапарелли» нашелся на марсианских снимках
21.10 20:33 На Ямале попал в аварию пассажирский вертолет
21.10 20:28 Белый дом рассказал об обсуждении новых антироссийских санкций
21.10 20:16 Минюст признал иностранным агентом Ассоциацию медработников Чапаевска
21.10 19:55 СМИ узнали о планах повышения цен на водку к Новому году
21.10 19:47 Украина определила дату начала действия антироссийских санкций
21.10 19:42 Кадыров признал влияние санкций на Чечню
21.10 19:06 Минобороны России опровергло покупку «Мистралей» у Египта
21.10 18:59 Шувалов рассказал о своем видении проектирования подъездов жилых домов
21.10 18:47 Внимательность болельщика спасла олимпийского чемпиона Мака Хортона от рака
21.10 18:29 «Открытые инновации 2016»: форум не только про технологическое развитие и инструменты поддержки предпринимателей
21.10 18:26 Совет ООН по правам человека поддержал расследование бомбежек Алеппо
21.10 18:21 Минобороны РФ нашло у боевиков в Алеппо зенитные комплексы
21.10 18:08 Вышел альбом с неизвестными записями Дэвида Боуи
21.10 18:02 Работа Reddit и Twitter оказалась нарушена из-за атаки хакеров
21.10 17:47 В Лондоне скончалась мачеха принцессы Дианы
21.10 17:36 Египетский посол опроверг сообщение Польши о продаже «Мистралей» РФ


Электронная почта: politru.edit1@gmail.com
Адрес: 129343, Москва, проезд Серебрякова, д.2, корп.1, 9 этаж.
Телефоны: +7 495 980 1893, +7 495 980 1894.
Стоимость услуг Полит.ру
Свидетельство о регистрации средства массовой информации
Эл. № 77-8425 от 1 декабря 2003г. Выдано министерством
Российской Федерации по делам печати, телерадиовещания и
средств массовой информации. Выходит с 21 февраля 1998 года.
При любом использовании материалов веб-сайта ссылка на Полит.ру обязательна.
При перепечатке в Интернете обязательна гиперссылка polit.ru.
Все права защищены и охраняются законом.
© Полит.ру, 1998–2014.